عنوان مقاله [English]
In Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province, palaces and castles were built during the Qajar era by Khans and feudal lords, who, while using ethnic and local image culture in the decoration of the building, later became a source for the use of local artificial arts artists and even Other artists have become local identity seekers in the contemporary era. In this process of "give and take" and metamorphosis, an interesting manifestation of Iranian ethno-local pictorial culture was reproduced in combination with official art, which was especially mixed with foreign patterns in Qajar art.
Examining these luxurious buildings located in the center of the local governments of the noble Iranian peoples (Turks, Lors, Kurds, Bakhtiaris, etc.) in the Qajar period is very important. "Shalamzar Castle Palace" in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province is one of these examples. This article, using a descriptive-analytical method and the method of collecting field and library data, tries to show the evolution of the ethno-local image culture of that era by analyzing the decorations of this building as an example, in the intersection with the Qajari pattern. . In addition to trying to consider ourselves as a rich source for contemporary art, and then becoming especially artists who seek to represent local identity. In the future, it should be extended to other similar examples in all parts of Iran, both in terms of methodology and in order to be exemplary.
The Qajar rule, not out of tolerance, but out of compulsion to give concessions to the local and subordinate powers, caused local transformations in official and central art to the architectural structure of magnificent feudal buildings in the lands of noble Iranian tribes. This opportunity to reproduce and mix with innovative patterns on the one hand, and borrowed from Farang on the other hand, provided for ethnic-local arts.