عنوان مقاله [English]
Tombstones decorations have solid details in Iranian historic cemeteries. The Harounie of Tous Collection contains
monuments from the Timurid period to the Qajar era, decorated with various inscriptions and designs. In this
research, 34 gravestones were selected, 10 of which were selected by a purposeful method because of their similarity
in the motif and design. The purpose of this research is to study the structure, inscriptions and graffiti designs.
This paper seeks to answer this question, what is the theme, the form of inscriptions and motifs in the Tombstones
of the Harounie Collection? The research method is descriptive-analytic and data collection is based on library
information, documentation and field studies.
The findings of the article show that the gravestones motives are a distinctive and dominant pattern on their
design and decoration and evidence of the thought, belief and culture of the survivors and reflection of the Shia
atmosphere of that era. The used themes are primarily the verses, the names of God, the poems in the description
of the parting and condemnation of the world, which refer to the eternal existence of the Most Compassionate God
and the unsteadiness of man. The inscriptions are written with the Taliq. Sols and Nastaaliq, all of which demand
forgiveness from God’s mercy, according to the contents of the writings and plants.