عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the most common motifs in Iranian art is flower and bird. The companion of a botanical pattern along with
a bird is rooted in Iranian art and culture. The present analysis seeks to answer this question: what are the concepts
and roots of the flower and bird motifs in Iranian art? And how has it appeared in contemporary Iranian typography?
The purpose of the study is to recognize the background and various forms of flowers and bird in Iranian art,
especially Persian miniature, as well as to identify the mythological concepts of these symbols. According to the
results of the research in Persian and Zoroastrian mythology, plants and birds companion is described in the form
of the myth of Simorgh and the life tree. In Iranian works, Simorgh is usually drawn on the tree. Before Islam, the
tree and the bird motifs was also seen in the works of art. In Islamic calligraphy and the drawing, the bird symbol
is created through the conjunction of the letters. Iranian typography is one of the areas of the advent of flowers and
bird motifs in Iranian contemporary art. In these works, the flowers and birds are sometimes used alongside the
writing or sometimes in a separate form alongside the Persian text. The research method is descriptive-analytical.
The method of gathering library content is through note taking and illustration interpreting. The method of data
analysis is qualitative.