عنوان مقاله [English]
Arayes-al-Javāher and Nafayes-al-Atāyebs is the name of a treatise that has been written by Abul-Qāsem Abdallāh Kāshani. Although the main subject of this treatise is on minerals, gems, and perfumes. But, the author has dedicated the last chapter of his treatise to tile and pottery industry because of he has been from Abū Ṭāher Family which is a famous potter family in Kashan at 6th and 7th A.H. He has a specific meanings and importance among researchers of this field. One of the techniques that Abul-Qāsem Kashani mentioned in his book, is the technique of underglaze painting. He completely described necessary materials for making paste and glaze of this kind of pottery. The aim of this research was study on the valuable documents and compatibility of its represented information as well as comparing it with new researches in archaeology. It is tried to answer some questions as: Where did potters from Kashan provide the required materials for production of underglaze painted pottery? Or based on this book, how many categories had underglaze painted pottery? Also, how much compatibility is there in the mentioned materials in Abul-Qāsem treatise with the experiments of Mason on available sherds of these kind of pottery? The method of data collection was library references and field method. The reserch method was descriptive-historical and comparative. Results showed that Kashan was one of the most important centers for production of underglaze painted pottery and necessary materials were available around the region. Potters from Kashan in 6th to 8th A.H produced it in 2 ways: “Monaghash-e- sefid boom” and “Monaghash-e- sabz boom” which compare with “lazuli and black on white background” and Qalam Meshki (decorated in black under a turquoise glaze). Also the tests conducted by Mason on existing sherds of these centuries showed a relative correspond to materials of paste but not in materials of glaze which mentioned in Kashani treatise.