عنوان مقاله [English]
Mahabad, which in the past was called Savojbolagh, Sablagh in the language of the native people, was the center of a part of Iranian Kurdistan called Mokrian. The former Savojbolagh (now Mahabad) is one of the most important cities in northwestern Iran in the southern part of Lake Urmia, which was the center of Mokrian for four centuries. Based on the archaeological evidence, the city of Mahabad was built during the reign of Shah Suleiman (1107-1077 AH), by the order of the Mukrish ruler "Buddha Sultan".and grew and developed from the late Safavid era to the early Pahlavi era. Most of the remaining monuments of the Qajar and Pahlavi era of Mahabad are now the residential buildings of influential people in the city. Many of the buildings belonging to the affluent classes of the city have a wide variety of decorations, Therefore, the purpose of the present article is to discuss the features and types of decorations used in the residential buildings of the mentioned period in Mahabad. So it is necessary to answer to some questions about art styles and patterns that influence the formulation of these ornaments. Since there has been no coherent research on the decorations and architectural style of Mahabad buildings in Mukriyan region, Therefore, their study can provide a broader understanding of the artists' efforts in creating suitable settlements. As a result, it was found that most of the decorative elements were influenced by the facades of the prosperous persons Due to the geographical conditions of the area, many of the decorations have been made with brick and stone materials. Although the decorative designs used in Mahabad are similar to those in cities like Sanandaj, However, these monuments built by native Mukrish artists.